Isesengura ryibigezweho nigihe kizaza cyubwikorezi mpuzamahanga munsi yicyorezo cya 2021

Ku nganda zikoreshwa mu bikoresho, ibintu bikabije bimaze igice kirenga umwaka.Yaba ari ubwinshi, kubura kontineri irimo ubusa, imizigo itwara ibicuruzwa byinshi, harimo kubura ubushobozi bwa gari ya moshi, kubura amato, no kubura amakamyo, nta na kimwe muri byo kigize intandaro imwe.Ikibazo ubu nuko ibintu byose biri mukibura.
Ikirarane kinini cyamabati aremereye, amasosiyete mpuzamahanga atwara abantu nta kundi byagenda uretse "gusimbukira ku byambu";igipimo cy’imizigo cyazamutse, kandi igitutu ku byambu bikikije cyiyongereye ... Nkuko "central nervous system" y'urusobe rw'ibikoresho byo mu nyanja ku isi --- Icyambu cya Yantian giterwa na "umuvuduko" w'icyorezo Ikwirakwizwa ryatangiye gukwirakwira, kandi Ingaruka zayo kumurongo wogutanga isi ntizarenze ibitekerezo.
Icyambu cya Yantian gifite ibirarane bisaga miliyoni 200 byoherejwe hanze.Ukurikije gahunda, irakinguye kwakira 5,000 kumunsi, kandi ubushobozi bwo gutunganya ubu ni 1/7 cyibisanzwe.
Uku ni ko ku cyambu cya Yantian i Shenzhen, mu Bushinwa.Urebye ku isi, ibirarane by'ibyambu bya kontineri ahantu hatandukanye bizarushaho gukomera.

International transportation status (1)

Igishushanyo 1 , Icyambu cya Yantiyani

Icyambu cya Oakland ku nkombe y'Iburengerazuba bwa Amerika cyakiriye TEU 100.096 z'ibikoresho byatumijwe muri Mata uyu mwaka.Ni ubwambere mu mateka yicyambu ibicuruzwa byatumijwe mu mahanga birenga 100.000 mukwezi kumwe.Icyambu cyinjiza inyenyeri nacyo cyageze kuri 217,993TEU, umwaka-ku mwaka kwiyongera 8%.Amato ya kontineri yavuye ku cyambu cya Los Angeles na Long Beach Port mu majyepfo ya Californiya ^ yarayobowe.CMA CGM na Wan Hai batangiye gukora inzira ziva muri Aziya y'Uburasirazuba kugera ku cyambu cya Oakland, bazana ibintu byinshi byatumijwe mu mahanga.
Icyambu cya Los Angeles, ku birometero 635, nacyo cyarohamye mu nyanja ya kontineri: TEU 946.966 muri Mata, umwaka ushize wiyongereyeho 37.2%.
Mu kwezi gushize, Amerika yatumije muri kontineri muri Aziya yageze ku mwaka ku mwaka kwiyongera 31%, igera kuri miliyoni 1.57 za TEU.Muri ibi bihe, ubwikorezi bwicyambu bwabaye ihame.Mu masaha make ashize, Hapag-Lloyd yatangaje ko izasimbuka icyambu cya Oakland muri serivisi zayo zambuka inyanja ya Pasifika.Iyo izakomeza, bizaterwa nuburyo icyambu kizoroherezwa.

International transportation status (2)

Igishushanyo 2 ship Amato ya kontineri ahagarara ku cyambu cya Oakland
terminal kuri West Coast ya Amerika

Raporo y’inama y’urugo ya Hapag-Lloyd yihanangirije abatumiza mu mahanga n’abatwara ibicuruzwa muri Amerika ko kubera ubwiyongere bw’ibicuruzwa biva mu mahanga, amaherena yose y’iburengerazuba ari menshi cyane, kandi bikaba biteganijwe ko ubukana buzakomeza mu gihe cyizuba.Nk’uko Maersk abitangaza ngo igihe cyo gutegereza amato ku cyambu cya Los Angeles na Long Beach kiri hagati y'icyumweru kimwe cyangwa bibiri.Hano hari amato agera kuri 40 kumurongo kuri ibyo byambu bibiri binini: mugihe amato yo ku cyambu cya Oakland agomba gutonda umurongo ibyumweru bitatu kugirango yinjire ku cyambu.
Ibyambu byinshi hamwe n’ibibanza bidafite umwanya wo gupakurura ibintu, bityo bakanga guhamagara amato.
Ibyambu byo muri Amerika y’iburengerazuba byuzura kandi igihe cyumurongo ni kirekire cyane, ibyo bikaba byaragize ingaruka zikomeye kuri gahunda yo gusubira muri Aziya.Amato ntashobora gusubira muri Aziya mugihe cyo gupakira imizigo.Igiterane kirasa no guhagarika urugendo.Ubushobozi bukomeye bwubucuruzi bwambukiranya pasifika bwongeye kubuzwa kuberako haboneka ibyambu no guhagarika ingendo.Maersk yizera ko guhera mu ntangiriro z'uyu mwaka, ubushobozi kuva muri Aziya kugera muri Amerika y'Iburengerazuba bwatakaje 20%: Biteganijwe ko kuva muri Kamena kugeza mu mpera za Kanama, ubushobozi nabwo buzatakaza 13%.
Ubwinshi bwicyambu bivuze ko amato atari mugihe kandi kwizerwa kugabanuka.Dukurikije amakuru yaturutse mu nyanja-Intelligence Maritime Consultancy, 78% by'amato agera ku cyambu cya Amerika cyo mu Burengerazuba aratinda, ugereranyije ugatinda iminsi 10.Flexport yavuze ko hashobora kubaho gutinda muri buri murongo uhuza amasoko mpuzamahanga.Kurugero, ibyoherejwe biva muri Shanghai mububiko bwa Chicago byongerewe kuva muminsi 35 mbere yuko icyorezo kigera kumunsi 73.
Mugihe kimwe, ibiciro bya kontineri nabyo birazamuka.

International transportation status (3)

Igishushanyo cya 3 Index Ibicuruzwa byoherezwa mu mahanga bya Shanghai

Hariho igitekerezo kivuga ko, mubyukuri, ntihabuze gupima gusa umubare wibikoresho, amato, nibicuruzwa bigomba gutwarwa.Ikibazo cyumuzi nuko bisaba igihe kirekire kohereza ibicuruzwa muri Aziya, Amerika y'Amajyaruguru, n'Uburayi.Na none, ifata umwanya munini wubushobozi kandi ikongerera urugero rukabije rwibibazo bitandukanye.
Kugirango ibintu birusheho kuba bibi, kubura ubushobozi bikabije bivuze ko nta bushobozi bwo gukemura ibibazo bifatika.
Ubwato bw’ibicuruzwa byateje akaga bwaturikiye mu mazi y’icyambu cya Sri Lanka, maze ubwato bwo ku cyambu cya Kaohsiung muri Tayiwani bugonga ubwato.Umukozi w'icyambu ku cyambu cya Yantian muri Shenzhen yasanze ikibazo cyemejwe cy'ikamba rishya.Imyigaragambyo y'abakozi ku cyambu cy'i Burayi, ibyo bintu byonyine bihora bihatira urunigi, kandi bizatwara igihe kinini kugira ngo isi itangwe neza.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ukuboza-25-2021